Step-by-step to weaning kittens:
Tips for Weaning Kittens
0-1 week 3-3.4 oz | 50-150 grams 2 - 6 ml Every 1-2 hours
1-2 weeks 4-6 oz | 150-250 grams 6-10 ml Every 2-3 hours
2-3 weeks 6-10 oz | 250-350 grams 10-14 ml Every 3-4 hours
3-4 weeks 10-13 oz | 350-450 grams 14-18 ml Every 4-5 hours
4-5 weeks 13-16 oz | 450-550 grams 18-22 ml Every 5-6 hours
5-8 weeks 1-2 lbs | 550-850 grams weaning; offer ample wet food Every 6 hours
Nutrition is everything
A kitten's diet should have more fat, calories, and protein than an adult cat's diet would. You must make sure that you are feeding your kitten a high quality food that is specifically formulated for kittens. Young kittens should always be given a wet food as they need the extra hydration it provides. Did you know that kittens receive about 90% of their hydration from their food, not from drinking water out of a dish?
Here ate The Little Lion Foundation, we believe in feeding all of our kittens the best diet possible. We prefer to use Nulo Turkey and Chicken wet food and kibble. Although it's a bit pricey, it is worth every penny as our kittens are happy, healthy. However, a more common, good quality food for weaning little kittens is Royal Canin Baby Cat Formula and Wellness Kitten Food. Check out our supplies page for recommendations!
Kittens should be given food often, no matter what. Kittens under 8 weeks should be eating a minimum of 4 filling meals per day. After 8 weeks, your kitten should be fed no less than 3 times a day. Your kitten should remain on a kitten meal routine until he or she is about 9 months old, then you can begin weaning over to an adult cat meal routine. Once he or she hits 1 year, they can officially transition onto an adult cat meal routine.
Hydrate. Hydrate. Hydrate.
Once your kitten is eating on her own well and with no issues, they should have access to clean, fresh water at all times. Hydration is so important to your kitten's health. Dehydration can quickly become fatal in young kittens. This is why kittens require canned food mixed with a bit of water or formula as their main diet.
After every feeding, keep a record of how much your kitten has taken in. This will help you work out whether he is drinking enough throughout the day and to help keep track of his development. If possible, weigh him at the same time every day, using a kitchen or small postage scale. A kitten that is doing well will put on between 10-20 grams a day. Keep a record of his weight so you can identify weight loss very quickly – timing and early detection is crucial when it comes to the tinies. The vet with also be glad that you took the time to keep these records, in case something happens down the road!
Tips for Tricky Bottle Feeders
Aspiration occurs when a kitten inhales formula into the lungs, which can lead to respiratory distress, pneumonia, and even death. To prevent aspiration, feed in the proper posture, and never squeeze formula forcefully down a kitten’s throat. If aspiration does happen, stop feeding and help the kitten squeeze out the formula. Hold the kitten upside down with it’s head facing the table and gently pat his ribs on both side until you see formula come out of the kitten’s nose.
How To Wean Kittens Onto Solid Food by Hannah Shaw, Kitten Lady.
Tips for Caring for Weaned Kittens
Bottle feeding kittens is a fun and rewarding way to save lives. It should only be done if absolutely necessary such as orphaned/abandoned kittens or kittens that need the extra nutrition supplemented while still nursing on momma. Before offering them the bottle, you must first make sure the kitten is warm. * Remember: A cold kitten cannot digest or process any food she takes in.
With that said, here is everything you need to know about bottle feeding kittens!
Because every cat deserves to roar.
Step-by-step to bottle feeding kittens:
Write It Down!
Weaning is the phase of raising kittens that your babies begin to learn how to eat on their old. If your kitten is between 4 and 5 weeks old and healthy, they should be ready to start the weaning process. This is an amazing accomplishment and should be celebrated as your kittens are finally becoming the strong, independent kittens they're supposed to be!
Congratulations, you are almost done with bottle feeding!
A weaned kitten is a kitten that is eating on their own, but needs to be watched closely. Although most kittens are fully weaned by the age of 7-8 weeks, they still require extra care.
You’ll notice that as the kitten get older, the amount increases and frequency decreases. Use your judgement to adjust as necessary. For instance, if a kitten is eating less at each feeding, you may want to increase the frequency. All these weights are approximate. You might have a kitten that is slightly under or over these weights and still be perfectly healthy and that’s perfectly fine. Meet the kittens where they are. However, if you are ever concerned about your kitten, or he just doesn’t seem ‘right’, consult a veterinarian.
Keeping a log is key to keeping your kittens healthy. That way, if anything were to happen and your kitten has to go to the vet, you have all the information on hand such as weight gain/loss, amount eaten, last deworming and flea treatment, energy levels, etc.
How To Safely Bottle Feed A Kitten by Hannah Shaw, Kitten Lady.
Step 3 - Make a slurry:
Slurry is a blend of your what your kitten is eating now and what you are transitioning them on to. Mix together your kitten's formula as usual, then begin with a small teaspoon of canned kitten food mixed into your kitten's bottle. Do this for a day or two so your kitten's body has some time to acclimate to processing the new food. As your kitten get used to his/her new diet, slowly start adding more canned food and offer it in a shallow food dish. It should have an oatmeal consistency.
Every kitten is different and some need a little extra help. You may need to use a spoon or your finger to introduce them to the food and slowly lead them into the bowl. You know your kitten, so use your best judgement to figure out how to wean your kitten successfully. It may take some time, and lots of clean up, but your kitten will understand eventually.
Step 4 - Complete the transition:
Once your kitten is eating on his/her own well enough, you can put the bottles away and complete their transition from formula to a high quality wet food. You can also introduce water in small, shallow bowl.
Step 1: Thoroughly mix the powdered kitten formula with warm water according to product’s instructions. Test the temperature on the inside of your wrist – it should be comfortably warm, made fresh every 1-2 feedings, and free of any clumps
Step 2: Stimulate your kitten to make them potty.
Step 3: If using nipples that come in bottle kit, cut a small hole into the nipple of the bottle to allow formula to flow. Invert the bottle and fill the nipple with formula. When properly cut, formula should just barely drip out. You can also use a Miracle Nipple Mini. These are easier for your kitten to latch on to as they feel more natural for them.
Step 4: Hold your kitten in a natural position with the belly down on the table. DO NOT HOLD THE KITTEN LIKE A BABY WITH THE BELLY UP! This can lead to aspiration.
Step 5: Hold the kitten’s head and body steady with your non-dominant hand, placing one finger on the throat to allow you to feel for swallowing. Gently introduce the tip of the nipple into the kitten’s mouth with your dominant hand.
Step 5: Your kitten should roll her tongue like a taco and latch onto the tip of the nipple. Do not flood the mouth with formula – let your kitten drink at their own pace.
Step 6: Allow the kitten to drink until she is full, or until she drinks an acceptable amount based on her weight.
Feeding Weaned Kittens
AGE WEIGHT AMOUNT PER FEEDING SCHEDULE
Step 1 - Assess your kitten:
Kittens, especially orphans, are very sensitive and must be weaned at the right age. Weaning prematurely can be very dangerous to your kitten. Between 4 and 5 weeks old, your kitten's premolars should be coming in, so this is a good time to begin the weaning process. Always remember that every kitten is different and some need more time than others depending on health, weight, and size. Assess your kitten before weaning and meet them where they are.
Step 2 - Make sure you have the right supplies:
You want to feed your kitten the best diet possible. Kittens should always be weaned onto a wet food as they need the extra nutrition and hydration that it provides. Pick up a wet/canned kitten food. It must say "kitten" on it. Kitten food is higher in protein, calories, and fats that kittens need to grow healthy and strong. You will also want to pick up a shallow food dish about 1" in height so they can reach. Take a look at our supplies page for recommendations on food, bowls, and much more!
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